Intermediate C++ Game Programming Tutorial 15

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Iterators are just fancy pointers for containers. In this video we learn how to use iterators, what they're good for, and why we go through all this goddamn trouble in the first place (answer: because they make my dick hard).

Topics Covered

  • Iterator operations (increment/decrement, dereference, add/sub, etc.)
  • Getting iterators from containers (begin/end)
  • Sequence ranges [closed,open)
  • Container manipulation functions (erase/insert)
  • Iterators and template algorithms (generic algorithms)
  • Iterator categories (random access/bidirectional/forward etc.)
  • const_iterator (cbegin/cend) & reverse iterators (rbegin/rend)
  • Free iterator functions (std::begin/end/advance/next/prev)
  • Iterator adapters (back_inserter, ostream_iterator)

Video Timestamp Index

Tutorial 15

Answer to erase puzzle

The reason why we do not increment the iterator i in the for loop, but instead increment it conditionally in the body of the loop is, if we erase an element, the returned iterator will point to the next element after the erased one, and if we were incrementing every iteration of the loop, it would skip all elements that immediately follow an erased element. Instead, we only increment if we did not erase an element, and this ensures that all elements are tested.

Homework

Modify our linked list stack to work with range based for loops. You are not allowed to modify any code outsize of the Stack class. If you want an extra challenge after completing Level 1, you can uncomment the code for Level 2 and try to get it to compile as well.

Linked List Stack Repo

Solution video

Links

Iterator Category Reference
Custom Iterator Example

See also